Tsetang (also Tsedang, Zêtang, Zedang or Tsethang) capital of the Shannan Prefecture, is one of the largest cities in Tibet, located 183 km southeast of Lhasa
in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Tsetang was the capital of Yarlung and, as such, a place of great importance. In the 19th century it is said to have contained some 1,000 houses, a bazaar, a gompa and a fort. Today, it is now an important Chinese administrative centre and army base. The centre of town is a modern, thoroughly Chinese city where you’ll find decent restaurants, mid-range accommodation and a couple of internet cafes. The more interesting area is the small former Tibetan town, and the monasteries clustered there on the slope of Gangpo Ri, one of Ü’s four sacred mountains.
Tsetang boasts a comparatively mild climate than it is found in Lhasa, and the combination of stunning natural landscapes and unique ancient culture makes it one of the most important cultural sites in Tibet. As the birthplace of earliest Tibetans, it was here in Tsetang that the first Tibetan kings ruled the lands, and where the first building, first monastery, and first farm were founded.