If Jakarta is Java’s financial and industrial powerhouse, Yogyakarta is its heart and soul. Central to the island’s artistic and intellectual heritage, Yogyakarta (known as Jogjakarta or Jogja or Yogya by travelers and locals alike) is where the Javanese language is at its purest, the arts at their brightest and its traditions at their most visible. Traditional arts such as batik making, puppet shows, and gamelan music, which features a variety of instruments including xylophones, drums, gongs and bamboo flutes, are celebrated here, as is contemporary art. Yogyakarta has a thriving art scene, and it is home to independent film communities, musicians, as well as performance and visual artists. As a result of these efforts, as well as its proximity to the magnificent Borobudur
, Yogyakarta has become the premier tourist destination in Java.